Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions with Full Rationale Answers

Practice Exam

Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions and answers with full rationale

Practice Exam

CPC Practice Exam and Study Guide Package

Practice Exam

What makes a good CPC Practice Exam? Questions and Answers with Full Rationale

CPC Exam Review Video

Laureen shows you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

Download your Free copy of my "Medical Coding From Home Ebook" at the top left corner of this page

Practice Exam

2016 CPC Practice Exam Answer Key 150 Questions With Full Rationale (HCPCS, ICD-9-CM, ICD-10, CPT Codes) Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions with Full Rationale Answers

Practice Exam

Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions and answers with full rationale
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Practice CPC Exam Package Review – 150 Question CPC Practice Exam, Answer Key, With Full Rationale, Medical Coding Certification Study Guide

What I like most about this CPC Practice Exam Package is that the full answers and rationales are given for all 150 questions. It also refers you to the relevant part of your textbook. They also provide the answer keys to each CPC exam question, so you can go through each one and see if your rationale is correct when testing yourself. I also found the CPC Exam Study Guide very helpful as it summarizes the whole textbook for you. As the CPC exam is an open book exam, you can actually mark your book or highlight the important texts or codes to help you search for the codes faster during the test. Do practice answering all 150 questions of the practice test within 5 and a half hours, make it to 5 hours if you can so you will have time to go back and check your answers.

The CPC Medical Coding Practice Exam is delivered as an electronic download (in the PDF format), which means it’s instantly accessible after purchase. The good news is that it’s priced at only $37.

This Price Includes:

Practice Exam

CPC Practice Exam and Study Guide Package

What is included in this package?

  • The Full 150 Question CPC Practice Exam
  • Answer Key, With Full Rationale
  • Scan Tron Bubble Sheets
  • The Exam Study Guide, including:
    Common Anatomy Terminology Handouts
    Common Medical Terminology Prefix, Root Word, and Suffix Handouts
  • The Official AAPC Proctor-to-Examinee Instructions (read out loud on the day of the CPC exam)

Download the full CPC Practice Exam Package here and receive your bonus at

By: Katherine Dawson, Certified Professional Coder

CPC Exam Review Video

Click to watch Laureen show you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

Download your Free copy of my “Medical Coding From Home Ebook” at


We specialize in preparing students for the AAPC CPC Medical Coding Exam and also the AHIMA CCS-P exam.


We also have a CPC Practice Exam Package With Full Study Guide which is very popular because it simulates the 150 Questions in the actual CPC Exam, and we also provide the answer keys and full rationale for each and every question. It even refers you back to the relevant part of your textbook. To get a copy of this sample CPC practice test paper, you can visit


You’re most welcome to visit to practice CPC exam questions and to learn more about our proven and effective medical coding exam preparation & studying techniques.


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More CPC Sample Exam Questions – Comes With Correct Answer And Full Rationale For Each Question

 CPC Exam Review Video

Click to watch Laureen show you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

Sample CPC Exam Question 2: Musculoskeletal


PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: myelopathy secondary to very large disc herniations at C4-C5 and C5-C6.

POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: myelopathy secondary to very large disc herniations at C4-C5 and C5-C6.


1. Anterior discectomy, C5-C6

2. Arthrodesis, C5-C6

3. Partial corpectomy, C5

4. Machine bone allograft, C5-C6

5. Placement of anterior plate with a Zephyr C6




INDICATIONS: This is a patient who presents with progressive weakness in the left upper extremity as well as imbalance. He has a very large disc herniation that came behind the body at C5 as well and as well as a large disc herniation at C5-C6. Risks and benefits of the surgery including bleeding, infection, neurologic deficit, nonunion, progressive spondylosis, and lack of improvement were all discussed. He understood and wished to proceed.


The patient was brought to the operating room and placed in the supine position. Preoperative antibiotics were given. The patient was placed in the supine position with all pressure points noted and well padded. The patient was prepped and draped in standard fashion. An incision was made approximately above the level of the cricoid. Blunt dissection was used to expose the anterior portion of the spine with carotid moved laterally and trachea and esophagus moved medially. I then placed needle into the disc spaces and was found to be at C5-C6. Distracting pins were placed in the body of C6. The disc was then completely removed at C5-C6. There was very significant compression of the cord. This was carefully removed to avoid any type of pressure on the cord. This was very severe and multiple free fragments noted. This was taken down to the level of ligamentum. Both foramen were then also opened. Part of the body of C5 was taken down to assure that all fragments were removed and that there was no additional constriction. The nerve root was then widely decompressed. Machine bone allograft was placed into C5-C6 and then a Zephyr plate was placed in the body C6 with a metal pin placed into the body at C5. Excellent purchase was obtained. Fluoroscopy showed good placement and meticulous hemostasis was obtained. Fascia was closed with 3-0 Vicryl, subcuticular 3-0 Dermabond for skin. The patient tolerated the procedure well and went to recovery in good condition.

a. 22554, 63081, 63082, 20931, 22845

b. 22551, 63081, 20931, 22840

c. 22551, 63081, 63082, 20931, 22845

d. 22554, 63081, 20931, 22840


Answer: A

Per. Paul Cadorette and the American Medical Association article titles, “Coding Guidance for Anterior Cervical Arthrodesis”, “When a spinal fusion (arthrodesis) is performed, the first thing a coder needs to recognize is the approach or technique that was utilized. With an anterior (front body approach)to cervical fusion the incision will be made in the patient’s neck, so the key terms to look for are platysma, esophagus, carotid, and sternocleidomastoid. These structures will be divided and/or protected during dissection down the vertebral body. After dissection, the procedure can proceed on one of three ways:

1) When the interspace is prepared (minimal discectomy, perforation of endplates) then 22554 would be reported.

2) When a discectomy is performed to decompress the spinal cord and/or nerve root(s) report 22554 for the arthrodesis along with 63075 for the discectomy procedure.

3) When a partial corpectomy (vertebral body resection) is performed at C5 and C6 report CPT code 22554 for the arthrodesis with 63081 and 63082. Two codes are reported because the corpectomy procedure is performed on two vertebral segments (C5 and C6). CPT codes 63081-63091 include a discectomy above and/or below the vertebral segment, so code 63075 (discectomy) would not be reported if performed at the C5-C6 interspace.

Once the decompression procedure has been completed, a PEEK cage can be placed within the interspace or a structural bone graft can be fashioned to fit the vertebral defect created by the previous corpectomy. Insertion of the PEEK cage would be reported with a biomechanical device code 22851. This code is only reported one time per level even if two cages are placed at C5-C6. When a structural bone graft is used, determine whether it is an allograft (20931)) or an autograft (20938). The bone graft codes are only reported one time per procedure and not once for each level. Finally, the physician will place an anterior plate with screws (22845) across the C5-C6 interspace to stabilize the area fusion”.

Some guidance on coding such procedures can also be located in the Spine (vertebral column) coding guidelines (above code 22010).

Learn more of these CPC exam questions with full answers and explanation at

By: Katherine Dawson, Certified Professional Coder

Download your Free copy of my “Medical Coding From Home Ebook” at


We specialize in preparing students for the AAPC CPC Medical Coding Exam and also the AHIMA CCS-P exam.


We also have a CPC Practice Exam Package With Full Study Guide which is very popular because it simulates the 150 Questions in the actual CPC Exam, and we also provide the answer keys and full rationale for each and every question. It even refers you back to the relevant part of your textbook. To get a copy of this sample CPC practice test paper, you can visit


You’re most welcome to visit to practice CPC exam questions and to learn more about our proven and effective medical coding exam preparation & studying techniques.


Practice Exam

Click here for the sample CPC exam practice questions with full rationale answers

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How To Crack CPC Exam At Your First Attempt

CPC Exam Review Video

Click to watch Laureen show you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

The CPC Exam is one of the most feared terms in the dictionary of a medical coding student. It is a challenge for some, cause of panic for few especially if they are not well prepared and yet for many it is just a process that can help them move forward as their preparations and merit get evaluated and certified. Certified Professional Coder (CPC) examination is quite a tough paper without proper preparation, and amongst the medical coding students, they often find it quite essential to practice CPC exam questions before sitting for the actual paper.

CPC and some facts: No one can be completely prepared for an exam, but they can give their all during exam preparation and do their best during the exam. During the preparation phase, finding the courses and sample questions and completing them in the allotted time is very much needed. There are many institutes who provide the medical billing and coding courses online. They also provide assistance for the preparation of the CPC exam practice test.

The idea there is not only to practice the CPC exam questions but also having an expert guide that helps in gathering detailed knowledge, and giving the full rationale answers and reference to the textbook. As the CPC exam is an open book exam, it is essential that every medical coder knows where to flip through the medical code book. The CPC exam practice test helps the students to practice the questions as if in the real exam, within the stipulated time of five and a half hours. This makes them not only certified but also gain recognition as they read the medical charts and assign the correct diagnosis and procedures more precisely.

Online Medical Coding Course And The Facilities:

The medical billing and coding courses online have its own share of advantages. These can be done at any own convenience from the comforts of the home. Laureen Jandroep has developed a Medical Coding Certification Review Blitz Videos for this purpose, which is available both online in video format, plus she also ships a physical copy of the videos in DVD format right to your home. The wonderful thing about these CPC Review Blitz Videos are that they are very affordable and genuinely helpful in your exam preparation, and even helps in your day to day work as a medical coder after you’re certified. These videos along come along with a detailed guide on the CPC Exam, which is an exhaustive review of all the various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures covered in the exam. These medical billing and coding courses online helps to get in touch with the experts such as Laureen Jandroep who demonstrate her proprietary study techniques such as the bubbling and highlighting technique and also teaches you how to make best use of the examination time allowed.

The video blitz reviews and the CPC exam practice test are exhaustive in nature and hence cover for every therapeutic and diagnostic procedure which form part of the exam syllabus. It also covers the physician based medical coding procedures, medical terminology and anatomy courses. When the students practice the CPC exam questions, it helps them in understanding the time allocation also. It is important because though some may say five and half hours is lot of time for an open book exam, in reality it actually feels otherwise. Hence, rather than feeling disheartened and scared for the exam, it is better to begin thorough preparation with the help of all the guides available online. Staying focussed and remembering the tips of the experts of the medical billing and coding courses online holds the key to cracking the exam at your first try.

By: Katherine Dawson, Certified Professional Coder

Download your Free copy of my “Medical Coding From Home Ebook” at


We specialize in preparing students for the AAPC CPC Medical Coding Exam and also the AHIMA CCS-P exam.


We also have a CPC Practice Exam Package With Full Study Guide which is very popular because it simulates the 150 Questions in the actual CPC Exam, and we also provide the answer keys and full rationale for each and every question. It even refers you back to the relevant part of your textbook. To get a copy of this sample CPC practice test paper, you can visit


You’re most welcome to visit to practice CPC exam questions and to learn more about our proven and effective medical coding exam preparation & studying techniques.


Practice Exam

Click here for the sample CPC exam practice questions with full rationale answers

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Best Compilation of Sample CPC Exam Questions – Followed With Full Answer And Rationale


Click to watch Laureen show you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

Sample CPC Exam Question 3: ICD-9-CM

Jim was at a bonfire when he tripped and fell into the flames. Jim sustained multiple burns. He came to the emergency room via an ambulance and was treated for second and third degree burns of his face, second degree burn on his shoulders and forearms, and third degree burns on the fronts of his thighs.

a. 941.20, 841.30, 943.25, 943.21, 945.36, 948.42, E897
b. 941.30, 943.29, 945.36, 948.42, E897
c. 941.09, 943.09, 945.09, 948.64, E897
d. 941.30, 943.29, 945.36, 948.64, E897


Answer: B

Burn codes always have no less than three codes: A burn code, a total body surface area code (948.XX), and an E code. You can have more than three codes but never less. Burn codes have the following rules (which can be found at the beginning of the ICD-9 book under general guidelines), always code one location to the highest degree (Ex. 1st and 2nd degree burns on the arm, only code 2nd degree). When sequencing burn codes always list the highest degree first (Ex. 1st degree burns to the face and 3rd degree burns to the arm. List the arm burn first and then the face burn). Answer B is the answer because its codes describe the highest degree burn to each anatomical location, it sequences the burn codes in order of highest to lowest degree burns, the 948 (TBSA code) has the correct calculation, and the E code correctly describes the bonfire incident.

Sample CPC Test Questions 4: Anesthesia

When does anesthesia time begin?

a. After the induction of anesthesia is complete
b. During the pre-operative exam prior to entering the OR
c. When the anesthesiologist begins preparing the patient for the induction of anesthesia
d. Once the supervising physician signs over the patient’s care to the anesthesiologist


Answer: C

The answer to this question can be located in the anesthesia coding guidelines under the title “Time Reporting”

Go Through more of these Sample CPC Test Questions with full answers and explanation at

Proctor to Examinee Instructions

Proctor to examinee instructions for CPC exam

Practice Exam

CPC Practice Exam and Study Guide

Get the latest updates on the CPC Exam at

By: Katherine Dawson, Certified Professional Coder

Download your Free copy of my “Medical Coding From Home Ebook” at


We specialize in preparing students for the AAPC CPC Medical Coding Exam and also the AHIMA CCS-P exam.


We also have a CPC Practice Exam Package With Full Study Guide which is very popular because it simulates the 150 Questions in the actual CPC Exam, and we also provide the answer keys and full rationale for each and every question. It even refers you back to the relevant part of your textbook. To get a copy of this sample CPC practice test paper, you can visit


You’re most welcome to visit to practice CPC exam questions and to learn more about our proven and effective medical coding exam preparation & studying techniques.


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Tips For Passing CPC Exam – Practice CPC Exam Questions

If you are preparing for CPC exam then it is always recommended for you to take the CPC practice exams first, and timing yourself to finish within the stipulated five and a half hours. It is important that the practice CPC exam questions and answers are well crafted, and that full rationale answer keys are provided as this is where you will learn the most from, by learning where to refer for the answers in your medical codebook manual (as the CPC exam is an open book test). The medical coding practice exams that you can take are listed below:

  1. 1.      Downloadable 150 Question Medical Coding Practice Exam comes with a e-book for study tips and the exam questions, price of this whole package is $37 which includes all of the below:

a)      The Full 150 Practice CPC Exam Questions

b)      Answer Key, With Full Rationale

c)      Scan Tron Bubble Sheets

d)      The Exam Study Guide, including:

e)      Common Anatomy Terminology Handouts

f)       Common Medical Terminology Prefix, Root Word, and Suffix Handouts

g)      The Official AAPC Proctor-to-Examinee Instructions (read out loud on the day of the CPC exam)

Practice Exam

Click here for the sample CPC exam practice questions with full rationale answers


  1. The Medical Coding Certification Review Blitz Videos 2013 version, costs $179 for online access plus all free bonuses, or $247 for online access plus all free bonuses with the addition of a physical complete 6 DVD set and book being shipped to you:



Click to watch Laureen show you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

a) 9.5 hours of CPC Exam preparation video (immediate access online, also available in 6 DVDs)

01 Introduction To The Program

02 Medical Terminology CPC® Exam Prep

03 HCPCS CPC® Exam Prep

04 Modifiers CPC® Exam Prep

05 ICD-9 CPC® Exam Prep

06 E&M Section CPC® Exam Prep

07 Anesthesia Section CPC® Exam Prep

08 Radiology Section CPC® Exam Prep

09 Path & Lab Section CPC® Exam Prep

10 Medicine Section CPC® Exam Prep

11 Integumentary System CPC® Exam Prep

12 Musculoskeletal System CPC® Exam Prep

13 Respiratory System CPC® Exam Prep

14 Cardiovascular System CPC® Exam Prep

15 Digestive System CPC® Exam Prep

16 Urinary System CPC® Exam Prep

17 Genital System CPC® Exam Prep

18 Endocrine/Nervous System CPC® Exam Prep

19 Eye/Ear System CPC® Exam Prep

b) 60 minute one on one telephone support – Still have questions about coding? Getting a job in your area? Having problems with a particular area? Just send Laureem an email to the members area support and schedule a free 60 minute bonus call- one on one with her!

c) Yahoo Groups: Coding and Reimbursement News- This is a group of dedicated medical coders just like you.Join a thriving Yahoo Groups community and learn from those already in the field- and those looking to become coders too!

d) Monthly Training Webinar- Once a month Laureen Jandroep holds a special Q and A webinar session. Listen in as Laureen interviews other successful medical coders and take your questions!

e) Bubbling and Highlighting Technique- Use this technique to organize your manuals to use during your exam- and also when you actually are working! It will save you tons of time and make your work super- effective. Laureen’s students swear by it!


Laureen’s medical coding video review program prepares you for the following exams:

A) Certified Professional Coder (CPC) exam by the American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC) and the

B) Certified Coding Specialist-Physician Based (CCS-P) exam by the American Health Information Association (AHIMA).

This is both a review of the subject matter and a guide to doing well on the exam. You will not only have an exhaustive review of all the various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures covered on the exam, the program will also demonstrate ways to go through the process of taking the exam in the most efficient manner, making best use of the time allowed. Since this is an open-book exam, the program teaches you my proprietary “bubbling and highlighting technique”. This technique demonstrates how to mark and highlight your coding manual to make it easier to choose the correct answer of the choices given for any question on the exam. You’ll see how to best manage some questions you might find more difficult than others.

The best approach for preparing for CPC exam is to take the second choice which is the CPC Exam Preparation Video Reviews, however it is more costly than the first choice, but well worth the money. The first choice CPC practice exams are online based and you’ll have instant access to the questions and full rationale answers. The method of this exam is really great and you get to learn alot from studying the full rationale answers.

This practice exam was previously available in the printed pattern but has recently been updated to the digital format and allows the exam to be done using downloadable PDF files. The download is quick and the exam provides great rationales as well. The package comes with a mini study guide that contains tips that you should follow for the preparation of the exam. The approach for it is great as you can solve it while using your computer or you can even print it out on the paper and then solve and maybe you want to scan tron it to have yourself a real CPC exam simulation.

IF you want to prepare a little more which you should; given the difficulty level of the CPC exam and your budget allows it, then you should also consider adding Laureen Jandroep’s CPC Certification Exam Video Reviews to your CPC exam practice preparation.

Tips for passing CPC exam:

-          Practice the CPC exam questions while referring to your medical codebook, without distraction and when you are completely ready. Attempt the questions like the real CPC exam simulation, timing yourself to exactly five and a half hours.

-          Time management is key, make sure you divide your CPC exam sections and spend a maximum time on each section.  Do not give a hard question too much time, just skip the ones you’re not sure of and come back to it later.

-          My students have found starting from the back of the paper saves them more time, because the questions in the CPC exam paper are typically more advanced and difficult at the end. So this way they get to tackle the toughest questions in the beginning, breezing through at the end.


By: Katherine Dawson, Certified Professional Coder

Download your Free copy of my “Medical Coding From Home Ebook” at


We specialize in preparing students for the AAPC CPC Medical Coding Exam and also the AHIMA CCS-P exam.


We also have a CPC Practice Exam Package With Full Study Guide which is very popular because it simulates the 150 Questions in the actual CPC Exam, and we also provide the answer keys and full rationale for each and every question. It even refers you back to the relevant part of your textbook. To get a copy of this sample CPC practice test paper, you can visit


You’re most welcome to visit to practice CPC exam questions and to learn more about our proven and effective medical coding exam preparation & studying techniques. Learn the latest updates and tips for passing CPC exam for 2013.


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Practice Test For CPC Exam – How To Pass The AAPC Coding Certification Exam

If you are preparing for the AAPC CPC exam then it is always recommended for you to take some practice exams first. The practice tests that you take in order to prepare for the exam and the method of the exam is very important. You should always rely on the practice tests that are close to the actual exam schedule and question level.

AAPC exam for Certified Professional Coder can be quite a tough exam and many of us feel extreme need of integrated assistance for the exam. The exam can be hard to pass in the first attempt without proper guidance and practice, and that is why many people realize the need of a good quality practice exam to prepare for the exam in their second attempt for it.

CPC Practice Exam Package

A good practice exam should fully prepare its examinee for the real exam. Knowing what to expect and not being surprised on exam day are important.

AAPC’s CPC exam is 150 questions and must be completed in 5 hours and 40 minutes or less.

Practice Exam

Click here to try out some sample CPC exam practice questions which come with the full rationale answers

There are three main sections to the CPC exam:

1)      Medical Concepts

2)      Surgery and Modifiers

3)      Remaining CPT codes

Each of these three sections are then further divided into the following smaller headings.


1)      Medical Concepts:

**The following sub-divisions are each assigned 5-10 category specific questions**


Payment management

Medical terminology


ICD-9-CM codes

HCPCS codes


2)      Surgery And Modifiers:

**This section is mainly sub-divided to reflect the surgery section of the CPT book and assigns 5-10 category specific questions to each of the following sub-divisions**





Hemic/Lymphatic systems




Male and Female reproductive organs

Maternity/ Endocrine system

Nervous system



3)      Remaining CPT Codes:

**This portion of the exam focuses on the remaining CPT codes and assigns 5-10 category specific questions to each of the following sub-division**

Evaluation and Management






This 150 question CPC practice exam was created using the structure listed above in order to emulate the actual CPC exam as closely as possible. We felt that by doing this examinees would know exactly what to expect on examination day. By utilizing this structure examinees can better prepare for the exam by focusing on category specific questions and identifying areas of weakness. Knowing what to expect in detail also tend to help calm pre-test anxiety.

AAPC’s CPC exam is 150 questions long. Questions range from true and false, to 1-2 sentences, to full page operative notes.


Questions on the CPC exam do not cover just specific medical codes. Questions can be very diverse, testing the examinees knowledge on:


Coding Guidelines

Understanding of Conventions

Correct Modifier Use

Bundling and Global Packages

Medical Terminology and Gross Anatomy


We have taken into account the wide spectrum of diversity the CPC exam offers and have constructed the questions on our CPC Practice Exam to reflect those on the actual exam as closely as possible.

In addition to our well constructed questions we are also providing a full rationale for each question.


These rationales provide the correct answer for each question as well as a full explanation as of why this option is correct, why the other three options are incorrect, and where in the medical coding books the answer can be located.


Studying the rationale of an answer may very well be the easiest and most efficient way to learn how to pass the CPC exam.

The best approach for preparing for CPC exam is to take the Laureen Jandroep’s program for Medical Coding Practice Exam. The benefit of this package is that it allows you to have more closer and real time exam experience to the CPC exam. The method of this exam is really great and you get to learn a number of things from this exam session. The CPC practice exam offers 150 questions that are closely based on the method and level used by the CPC exam and the student has to attempt all questions in the time of 5 hours and 40 minutes. The practice exam tries to test your abilities of the following-

-The knowledge of coding guidelines

-The understanding of conventions

-use of the suitable modifier

-Knowledge of package types- bundling and global

-The knowledge about the terminology used in medical coding.

The CPC practice exam is available at reasonable price of $37. The package consists of 150 well constructed questions for the practice of the CPC exam, and an answer key for the paper. The package also consists of study material containing essential parts of the medical science which is important for the preparation of the exam and each question is supplied with a rationale. You can easily prepare for the CPC exam by studying the rationales provided in the CPC practice exam, and this is an effective way of preparing for actual exam scenario. The package also consists of additional matter as the official instructions guide for the AAPC exam and scanned copy of the bubble sheet for the practice exam so that you can actually take the exam in real exam environment.

The CPC practice guide contains questions with great consideration for the CPC exam and the questions are to provide realistic practice for the CPC exam. The questions given are of all types from true/false to the one liner and the full page questions, based on all three sections in the exam, which are Medical Concepts, Surgery and Modifiers, and Remaining CPT codes.

Some following tips are also useful while preparing for the CPC exam-

-           Take the exams like the real exams without distraction and when you are completely ready. Attempt the question like the real exam simulation.

-           Divide the questions with equal time management and don’t give a hard question too much time.

-           Go over the wrong answers and learn to fix the mistake.

Practice Exam

Click here to try out some sample CPC exam practice questions which come with the full rationale answers

CPC Exam Review Video

Click to watch Laureen show you her proprietary “Bubbling and Highlighting Technique”

By: Katherine Dawson, Certified Professional Coder


Download your Free copy of my “Medical Coding From Home Ebook” at


We specialize in preparing students for the AAPC CPC Medical Coding Exam and also the AHIMA CCS-P exam.


We also have a CPC Practice Exam Package With Full Study Guide which is very popular because it simulates the 150 Questions in the actual CPC Exam, and we also provide the answer keys and full rationale for each and every question. It even refers you back to the relevant part of your textbook. To get a copy of this sample CPC practice test paper, you can visit


You’re most welcome to visit to practice CPC exam questions and to learn more about our proven and effective medical coding exam preparation & studying techniques.

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Medical coding review videos as your exam prep

There are a lot of options out there when it comes to getting help to get you certified as a medical coder fast. You may have the experience and coding knowledge to take the CPC exam, but it is still a good idea to invest a little to get further coaching and advice as part of your preparation. There are no shortage of practice exams, books, prep courses, certified trainers, and review classes that you can use.

Let’s add one more unique choice to the list: coding review videos. Video engage more of our senses, so when we study using coding review videos or DVD, we simply absorb more due to the fact that it is in an audio and visual form. Laureen Jandroep has released her blitz review videos for coding and CPC exam for some time, and since it’s release has been helping students to pass the CPC exam on their first or next try.

So lets review again why Laureen Jandroep’s coding blitz videos or DVD are so much better as review materials:

First of all, you simply get more value from the videos or DVD because you get Laureen personally guiding you through all the steps you need to do to pass the certification exam. Every aspect is covered from identifying areas to focus on, how to maximize your study and exam time, how to mark up your CPT book, time management, and more. Check out her credentials as a certified medical coding and billing trainer and you’ll see why she has a long list of testimonials from past students.

When you do your review in videos, you absorb more information. She is speaking directly to you in the videos, so you pay more attention. You also get to follow along with her explanations and illustrations. Also, videos are less likely to make you fall asleep. If you commute a lot, why not download the videos onto your iPod or MP3 player to squeeze out more review time. When you’re at home, just pop in the DVD.

Not everyone studies at the same pace, so in a classroom environment you are usually either ahead or behind. The blitz review videos is like your virtual classroom, you get to pause, rewind, and fast forward your teacher. And if you have questions that aren’t answered in the videos, you still have her telephone support and access to her private community of experienced coders and billers.

Click here now to see a special video presentation for you by Laureen herself!

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Tips for taking the CPC exam

Nobody wants to know how to fail the AAPC CPC exam, so the following tells you what to look out for. You just need to be aware of certain CPC exam rules that can result in you getting disqualified or automatic failure. You can consider this as a quick checklist of what not to do when you’re in the medical coding certification or AAPC CPC exam hall. So let us discuss what are the things you shouldn’t do that breaks the exam rules.

Leave your cell phone behind

First of all, you’re not allowed to bring your cell phone to the exam. This also goes for any electronic devices like smart phones, tablets, mobile gaming consoles, etc. You wont have any place to stow them during the exam anyway, so the best solution is to just not bring them at all.


Bring the right tools

With that said, make sure you do bring the required items for the medical coding certification exam. Check with the CPC exam proctors several days beforehand to know what you’ll need. Basically you’ll need a picture ID, your member ID, #2 pencils, as well as the CPT, ICD-9CM, and HCPCS II manuals.

Keep up to date

Remember that the code sets for each coding book are updated every year, so it’s essential for you to have up to date books. Using out of date books would obviously puts you at a disadvantage, with substantial penalization. The exams are updated every January for the new code sets, so you can’t use upcoming year’s book for the exam. Do keep in mind that the exam proctors may not clarify test questions during the CPC exam.

Tabbing your coding books

You’re permitted to tab your coding books for quick reference, whether you inserted, glued, pasted, taped, or stapled it in the manuals. Having handwritten notes in the coding books are also acceptable only if they pertain to daily coding activities. The guideline is that they should be used with the intent to earmark a page with words or numbers, not supplement information in the book.

Keep it to yourself

Finally, any attempt to smuggle exam materials out of the exam hall will result in you failing the AAPC CPC exam. If you exhibit collaborative or disruptive behavior, then it can be cause for immediate action by the proctors. Because the CPC exam materials are confidential, you may not copy or discuss the questions with others during or following the examination. Now that you know how to fail the AAPC CPC exam by breaking the exam rules, be sure to keep all the points here in mind and you’ll do well to pass the AAPC CPC exam.

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What’s inside Laureen Jandroep’s Medical Coding Videos?

Click here for the latest updates.

You’ll get immediate online access to all her hours of videos, presented by Laureen Jandroep to personally coach you towards passing the AAPC CPC/AHIMA CCS-P exam. The videos are divided into chapters of about 20-35 minutes of videos each. The topics include:

1. Introduction to the program
2. Medical Terminology
4. Modifiers
5. ICD-9 (new ICD-10 updates here)
6. E&M Section
7. Aneshesia Section
8. Radiology Section
9. Path & Lab Section
10. Medicine Section
11. Integumentary System
12. Musculoskeletal System
13. Respiratory System
14. Cardiovascular System
15. Digestive System
16. Urinary System
17. Genital System
18. Endocrin/Nervous System
19. Eye/Ear System

The videos cover all you need for the exam. You will learn Laureen’s proven study technique bubble and highlighting” to help you organize your notes and manuals so come exam time, you’ll be looking up codes faster than those without this strategy. Exam tips, pitfalls, and time management strategies are also covered by Laureen to help you along. These are study and exam techniques that apply equally well to any other open-book exams.

In addition to the videos, you’ll receive support from Laureen herself personally in the form of a telephone calls. Anything you’re not sure of have questions will be answered by Laureen herself. Not only that, you get access to her monthly webinars to interview and ask questions of medical coding success stories. And to ensure your continued success after passing the exam, you also get invited to her community of medical coders. This is where you can introduce yourself and meet others in this field to share ideas, discuss issues, or to help each other out!

Medical Symptoms Medical diagnosis With regard to Asthma

Asthma can be an issue that creates lack of breath and it is characterized by a coughing seem. This article offers you a quick and also to the point go through the health care signs or symptoms, diagnosis, brings about and also therapies linked to this specific typical inhaling disorder.

Bronchial asthma

Symptoms of asthma Signs typically begin in years as a child; nevertheless you will find instances of person onset. Signs incorporate frequent attacks associated with upper body tightness and also tough breathing in. Any wheezing sound is normally heard when the asthma suffering affected person is exhaling. The person might hint onward within an straight placement in an attempt to ease the particular breathing trouble. Some people may go through a new coughing, specially during the night, as well as the skin color may become bluish. A severe invasion can be extremely stressful as well as frightening for the person in addition to these all-around them.

Symptoms of asthma is actually the effect of a spasm with the bronchi, which can be the particular tubes transporting atmosphere in the lungs or simply by puffiness with the mucous filters coating the bronchi. This specific spasm response may possibly result of a good Hypersensitive reaction with an allergen including pollen, airborne dirt and dust, molds, foods, or perhaps canine dander. Some other triggers add a respiratory an infection (my spouse and the. Respiratory disease), or perhaps problems for instance smoking or perhaps substances. Aspirin may well trigger a good start symptoms of asthma in most persons.

In the event the previously mentioned symptoms appear it could be important to seek an assessment by a medical professional straight away. The particular analysis can include a physical assessment, torso x-rays, blood checks, hypersensitivity exams, or perhaps lung operate analysis.

As for remedy severe attacks might have to have unexpected emergency medical help. If your start of symptoms of asthma was in the course of the child years, 50% of these sufferers will outgrow the actual dysfunction normally. Pertaining to treating asthma attack problems, doctor may possibly suggest the expectorant for you to release mucus secretions; bronchodilators to broaden airways; or even propose holding a nebulizer, that is medicine consumed simply by use of a tool that produces a great apply.

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Medical License Verification to Minimize Medical Negligence and Medical Malpractice

A 1984 Harvard study of more than 30000 records from 51 randomly selected hospitals in New York found that adverse medical events occur in the more than 3.7% of patients admitted and that more than a quarter of these were due to medical negligence. Close to 14% of the adverse medical events were fatal and 2.6% resulted in severe disability. When extrapolated to the 2.7 million patients discharged from New York hospitals that year about 13,450 people died and 2250 were seriously injured. (When Doctors Kill By Stephen J. Cina, Joshua A. Perper).

These are the stats which are showing the medical malpractice and medical negligence issues of the most prominent and advanced city of the world. After reading those horrible figures one can understand that the world is suffering from medical malpractice and negligence on a much higher scale and the prevention only lies when we background check our doctor or medical practitioner through primary source verification, medical credentialing and by medical license verification.

Investigation and verification of medical license can assure you the safety and integrity of the doctor or a medical practitioner you are going to get treated. To practice medicine, a practitioner must obtain a license from the appropriate state licensing agency (i.e. state medical board). A physician usually applies for a state license after completing medical school and passing an examination that established his or her knowledge in the basic sciences.

When a medical professional is suspected of a board violation, he or she will likely be investigated to determine if disciplinary action is necessary. The conditions for discipline vary from board to board and state to state, but there are some rules that are adopted by all or almost all professional boards. Some of the common grounds for discipline include:

• License registration or renewal fraud

• Verify license, expiration date, and sanctions or limitations.

• Medical practice misconduct, fraud, or negligence

• Committing a health law violation

• Practicing while a license is pending or suspended

• Practicing while under the influence of alcohol or drugs

• Alcohol or drug dependency

• Committing a criminal offense

• Qualifying as mentally unstable or insane

Core Criteria for Medical License Verification

The core criteria followed by different international organizations like joint commission international for medical license verification is performed at the time of initial appointment, and at the time of each reappointment and/or re-privileging, and is recommended at the time of license expiration. The following points must be considered while performing medical license verification:

• Date and time of the license issuance.

• State of licensure, license number, date of original licensure and expiration date.

• Name (first and last) of the person initiating the verification call

• Name (first and last) of the person verifying the information

• Are there any current, past, or pending restrictions on the license?

• Are there any current, past, or pending disciplinary actions against the practitioner?

Peer Referencing is Essential for Medical License Verification

Peer Referencing is very important when medical license verification process is live. A peer must be someone who knows the doctor or medical practitioner from past three to five years. If the applicant is finished training during past three to five years the peer referencing letter must be from his/ her training program director. And at least one reference from the practitioners specialty which marks the reputation and competency factors.

What to verify:

1. Relationship of peer to the applicant (Training director, colleague practitioner, etc).

2. How the peer is aware of applicant’s current clinical competency.

3. Validation and confirmation by the peer of the applicants request for clinical privileges.

Potential verification Method: Send a letter, and a questionnaire directly to the peer reference.


Every medical professional must be licensed in order to legally practice medicine. Licensing boards are run at the state level and dictate the licensing requirements and conditions for all physicians or nurses within a particular state. These boards oblige all licensed individuals to meet certain criterion in order to remain in good standing. If a medical practitioner whether a doctor or nurse acts in a way that violates the code set by the board, he or she could be put on probation or could have his or her license revoked altogether.

Muhammad Saad Khan is a Research Analyst at Q2 Group. Q2 is specialized in medical credentialing, primary source verification, and medical license verification according to the standards of joint commission international.

Radiology Coding Company In Oklahoma

Most radiology medical practices and individual practitioners in the United States are looking for professional assistance to efficiently manage their diverse coding tasks. Accurate medical coding is very important when it comes to optimizing their collections. If your facility or practice is seeking radiology coding services, it is would be a good idea to look in Oklahoma. An experienced radiology coding company in Oklahoma can offer individual radiologists, group practitioners, hospitals, medical centers and clinics competent coding services at competitive prices.

Accurate Radiology Coding Services

Radiology coding companies in Oklahoma are well-equipped to provide quality radiology medical coding services. They employ certified medical coders proficient in HCPCS, CPT, ICD-9 codes and standards, and well aware of the latest government norms. They offer accurate coding solutions for interventional radiology procedures including ultrasound and diagnostic radiology imaging, as well as non-interventional procedures such as single or multiple views, standard radiographs, computerized tomography, contrast studies and magnetic resonance imaging. The core services of a reliable radiology coding company in Oklahoma would cover:

.Emergency room e-code evaluation
.Medical coding audits
.ICD-9 coding based on AMA and CMS guidelines
.ASCs – Ambulatory Surgical Centers Coding
.CPT medical coding
.Backlog coding resolution services
.Hospital/ in-patient coding
.DRG/ICD-9 CM coding validations

Locate an Established Company

Online resources are a great help when it comes to finding an established radiology coding company in Oklahoma. Searching web directories and the yellow pages with the zip code of the area would provide a comprehensive list of the companies in the location. Reading blogs, newsletters, articles and reviewing forum discussions are the other important ways of selecting a professional company for your coding needs.

Points to Consider while Choosing a Radiology Coding Company

Before choosing a radiology medical coding company for your medical facility, you would have to evaluate its services. The main points for consideration are:

.Whether its coding procedures strictly adhere to Local Medical Review Policies (LMRP) and Correct Coding Initiatives (CCI)
.Accuracy rates
.Whether the firm offers stringent quality assurance
.Whether its coding procedures are compliant with the HIPAA norms
.Whether it can offer comprehensive solutions in fast/customized turnaround time
.Pricing structure
.Whether it offers free trial options
.Whether it provide 24/7/ 365 technical assistance

The organized radiology medical coding services of a reputable radiology transcription company in Oklahoma can help you to submit error-free medical bills and claims within the specified time frame. This would avoid claim denials and help you obtain maximum reimbursements for your practice.

Radiology Coding Company – Outsource Strategies International (OSI) is a leading medical coding company in the US committed to providing fast and efficient medical billing and coding services.


Sweat suits
A sweat suit is commonly associated with sports. But it can be also used in different occasions. A sweat suit is nothing but a simple suit which is made up of a thick material. It is usually made of cotton and polyester. As these suits are worn during physical exercise, the term ‘sweat’ comes along with it. The popularity of these swim suits has started during 70’s and 80’s and still continues intact. And these sweat suits can be used as slim suites. People who are wearing sweat suits are working out in a nylon jumper with the goal being to sweat profusely. While sweating, many toxins will be removed from our body. An example of a sweat suit that can be used to reduce weight is sauna sweat suits. Sauna sweat suits are designed to suit the needs of fitness trainees and for people who are engaged in body building. The results of sauna sweat suit is said to be rapid.
Nurse uniform
A nurse uniform is compulsory for nurse; this is for their hygiene and for their proper identification. The traditional nurse uniform consists of a dress, apron and cap. But nowadays, a lot of variants are there, but the basic style has remained recognizable. The first nurse uniforms were derived from nun’s habit. One of the Florence Nightingale’s students, Miss VanRensealer has designed the original nurse uniform for the first time for the students at Miss Nightingale’s school of nursing. The clothing consists of mainly blue outfit.
Medical scrubs
Medical scrubs are the shirts and trousers or gowns worn by nurses, surgeons and other operating personnel for “scrubbing in” for surgery. Scrubs are designed to be simple with minimal places for dirt to hide, easy to launder and cheap to replace if damaged or stained. The wearing of scrubs has been extended outside of surgical room in many hospitals. Nowadays, any medical uniform consisting of a short-sleeve shirt and pants is known as “Scrubs”. Scrubs may also include a waist-length long sleeved jacket with no lapels and stockinette cuffs known as warm-up jackets. Scrubs worn in surgery are always colored solid light green, light blue or a light-green blue shade; also some medical centers have switched to pink as a theft different. Surgical scrubs are rarely owned by the wearer, due to concerns about home laundering and sterility issues, these scrubs are usually hospital owned or hospital-leased through commercial linen service.
Non-surgical scrubs comes in wider variety of colors, patterns, ranging from official issue garments to custom made whether by commercial uniform companies or by home-sewing using commercially available printed patterns. Some hospitals use scrub color to differentiate between patient care personnel, unlicensed assistive personnel, and non-patient care support staff. Hospital may also extend the practice to differentiate non-staff members/visitors. Scrubs featuring cartoon characters and cheerful prints are common in pediatrician’s office and children’s hospitals, while prints for various holidays can be seen throughout the year. Some scrubs are seen in custom colors too.

Nursing scrubs of all types and colors are available on our website, order complete nursing uniforms for your hospital.

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Medical Diagnosis Sets

I think most of the people will always take the good old method of diagnosis that running to the nearest hospital, but generally speaking, a total new trend of self-diagnosis has spread out and gained prominence. With the large number of home health test kits, patients are offered a quicker result, relevant for a specific physical condition. Probably the best known and the first to find wide acceptance on the market were the home pregnancy tests, but that was just the beginning. Now, one can test for a huge range of illnesses and ailments from urinary tract infections, heart disease, diabetes and food allergies to HIV, drug addiction, cholesterol and fertility.
What are the real advantages of self-diagnosis using the diagnosis sets? First of all, given the fact they carry some form of medical certification, home health test kits provide 99% accuracy provided that all usage conditions are met. Then, the user benefits from low costs, confidentiality and the comfort of not going straight to the doctor. Inhibition is a key-factor when trying to explain and understand the success of home health test kits; many people could be embarrassed by a specific health problem, and before exposing themselves they want to make sure that the symptoms they’re experiencing are actually indicating disease.

Diagnostic medical set are specifically designed to let both medical practitioners (e.g. doctors and nurses) and ordinary individuals use them with ease and comfort. Their product line includes stethoscopes, electronic blood pressure machines, ECG machines, otoscope and ophthalmoscope, diagnostic sets and kits, and many more. Diagnostic instruments sets are rugged, durable, and dependable. Normally these kits are beneficial for the medical students as well as the doctors
It’s really very important for many people, especially those afflicted with serious health problems, to secure home monitoring devices. These will help a lot in checking if there are signs of progress or worsening of their health condition. It also helps alert doctors and caregivers of any impending attacks or formation of other health complications.

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Medical School Interviews

Why Do You Want to Be a Doctor?

Many premeds worry about the content of the medical school interview. The most important content to conquer is about you. You already know all about yourself but the key is figuring out how to present that to the interviewer.

Start your interview prep by answering this question:

“Why do you want to be a doctor?”

Simple, huh? Go ahead and try to answer it right now.

Harder than it seems, isn’t it?

This question will be asked in some form in every interview. You answered it in the AMCAS primary essay, but interviewers want to hear it again. It is the essential question, right?

Your goal is to answer the question clearly and concisely with no more than three talking points. Tying these three reasons to brief anecdotes will help the interviewer remember your reasons.

Medical School Interviews – The First Twelve Inches

To help you pull it all together on your interview day, etiquette experts have a simple rule to ensure you are looking your best. It’s the first 12 inches that matter most (head, hands, feet):


Hair clean and well-groomed
Be clean-shaven
Check nothing is stuck in your teeth


Groom the nails short and clean
No chipped nail polish


Polish the shoes
Guys – be sure your socks match
Ladies – no runs in panty hose or stockings
Medical School Interviews – Hair and Accessories

The medical school interview season is not the time to experiment with that mohawk you always wanted. Keep the hair clean and simple. Men with long hair do not need to cut it all off, just keep it clean and out of your face. The same rules apply to women.

As for jewelry, earrings in men are always a point of controversy. If your earring is an important part of who you are, leave it in. But if it’s just a piece of jewelry, I would take it out. Body piercings that show (nose ring, tongue ring, eyebrow ring, etc) fall under the same general guidelines as earrings. Wear it if it is a huge part of who you are. Lose it for a day if it isn’t.

MDadmit provides medical school admissions consulting services to anyone considering applying to medical school whether you are a freshman in college

Practical Ways To Find A Coder

You are a business owner and you have launched a website of your company to promote your business. Now, it is ideally recommended that you should hire a professional coder who could take care of your website. There are many things that you should necessarily know about coding and how it helps in the maintenance of a website before you should go forward to find a coder who has the right kind of expertise.

First of all, you should know that a coder or a designer not only helps maintain a website but also he or she makes all efforts to keep it highly optimized on search engines. The success of a business depends on its website. If the website gets high online traffic and draws in large number of visitors, your business prospects would get boosted.

Therefore, make sure that you find a designer or a coder who could take care of your website and at the same time ensure that your website gets high online traffic and always remain on the first page of any search engine. At times, finding an experienced coder becomes a daunting task. Therefore, make sure that you take extra care once you trace out an expert coder for your website.

Below-mentioned tips can help you much if you want to know how to find a coder or how to find a designer that can match your requirement.

Browse internet and search popular job websites. It might be a very effective idea to direct your search for an experienced coder towards internet. There are several job portals that specialize in offering this kind of jobs. All you require is to sign in and post your requirement. You would soon have in your inbox dozens of profiles sent from candidates.

Selection of a coder or designer might turn out to be tricky task. Therefore, you should be highly realistic while selecting your required coder. Make sure that the candidate you are going to hire has the experience to use HTML codes and Meta tags.

These things combine to help you find a coder in the best way.

Steve Harmision writes about freelancing jobs and provides fruitful information about best freelance projects. To find a coder or find a designer for your project, please visit

Medical Malpractice For South Carolina

The vast majority of medical and health care providers including primarily hospitals, surgeons, doctors, pharmacists, physicians, nurses and emergency medical technicians (“EMTs”)do offer excellent care that will help us to recover from a personal injury or medical condition. However, some providers fail to meet the requisite standard of care, and, under such circumstances, may be guilty of medical malpractice. Medical malpractice, commonly called “medmal” for short, generally occurs when a negligent, careless or reckless act, mistake, error, or omission by a doctor or other medical professional causes damage or harm to a patient



It has been estimated that almost 98,000 people die in hospitals in the United States each year, and that medication errors injure approximately 1.3 million people per year. Medical malpractice errors or negligence typically occur in the diagnosis or treatment of a patient, and may include, but are not limited to:

>Failure to treat
>Wrong treatment
>Delay in diagnosis
>Failure to diagnose
>Failure to rule out causes or conditions
>Failure to test
>Failure to obtain informed consent
>Surgical injury
>Wrong prescription of drugs
>Patient abandonment
>Use of defective medical products

A patient’s right to recover compensation for medical malpractice is generally governed by common law as well as statutes and regulations which have been promulgated to protect patients who have been subjected to medical malpractice or medical negligence. Medical malpractice suits are usually complex, time-consuming, expensive to litigate, dependent upon expert testimony, and vigorously defended by health care providers and their insurers.



The medical malpractice personal injury victim is commonly referenced as a “plaintiff” and the person or entity that caused the harm is commonly referenced as a “defendant.” The South Carolina Supreme Court has set forth the elements of negligence with regard to a medical malpractice personal injury claim that a plaintiff has to prove as follows:

>A physician-patient relationship exists
>The generally recognized and accepted practices and procedures that would be followed by average, competent practitioners in the defendants’ field of medicine under the same or similar circumstances >That the defendant departed from the recognized and generally accepted standards
>The defendant’s departure from such generally recognized practices and procedures was the proximate cause of the plaintiff’s alleged injuries and damages


Thus, the medical malpractice lawyer and his client must present evidence to meet each of the foregoing elements at trial.

A physician commits malpractice by not exercising that degree of skill and learning that is ordinarily possessed and exercised by members of the profession in good standing acting in the same or similar circumstances. Durham v. Vinson, 360 S.C. 639 (2004). A plaintiff and his attorney must proffer expert testimony to prove both the required standard of care and the defendant’s failure to conform to that standard, unless the subject matter lies within the ambit of common knowledge so that no special learning is required to evaluate the conduct of the defendants.



A physician’s failure to obtain a patient’s “informed consent” with regard to a procedure or treatment is a form of medical malpractice. The term “informed consent” means that a physician must tell a patient all of the potential benefits, risks, and alternatives involved in any surgical procedure, diagnostic procedure, medical procedure, therapeutic procedure, or other course of treatment, and must obtain the patient’s written consent to proceed. Under Informed consent law, a physician who performs a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure has a duty to disclose to a patient of sound mind, in the absence of an emergency that warrants immediate medical treatment, (1) the diagnosis, (2) the general nature of the contemplated procedure, (3) the material risks involved in the procedure, (4) the probability of success associated with the procedure, (5) the prognosis if the procedure is not out, and (6) the existence of any alternatives to the procedure. Thus, the plaintiff and his lawyer must present evidence of the physician’s breach of the foregoing elements of an informed consent claim in order to prevail at trial.



While most health care providers will not guarantee or warrant a particular outcome, there are times when they do, and a failure to successfully provide the outcome may give rise to a breach of contract or breach of warranty claim. These type cases usually involve plastic surgery wherein the patient is told that his or her post-surgery physical appearance will be the same as demonstrated on a computerized enhancement of the patient’s photograph. Thus, much like a business breach of contract claim, the plaintiff and his lawyer must present evidence of the physician’s breach of the stated warranty or guarantee by the preponderance of evidence in order to prevail at trial.



In a medical malpractice personal injury lawsuit, a victim seeks compensation for the injury or injuries he or she has suffered. Compensation can include past and future medical expenses, disability or deformity, loss of income, emotional and mental anguish, loss of a spouse’s comfort and society, past and future pain and suffering, and an amount which would be necessary to make the person whole as respects a permanent personal injury. McNeil v. United States, 519 F.Supp. 283 (D.S.C. 1981). In cases where the defendant acted recklessly, maliciously or willfully, punitive damages may also be awarded. Punitive damages in medical malpractice lawsuits are intended to punish the responsible party and deter others from committing the same acts. Gamble v. Stevenson, 305 S.C. 104, 406 S.E.2d 350 (1991). If a wrongful death results from the medical malpractice, the decedent’s beneficiaries are entitled to compensation.



For medical malpractice cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, which placed caps on non-economic damages a patient could recover from a liable defendant health care provider. S.C. Code § 15-32-220(a) limits the civil liability for non-economic damages of the health care provider to an amount not to exceed $ 350,000 for each claimant regardless of the number of separate causes of action on which the claim is based. S.C. Code § 15-32-220(a) provides an exception to the foregoing cap where the health care provider is proven to be grossly negligent, willful, wanton or reckless and that conduct was the proximate cause of the claimant’s non-economic damages. S.C. Code 15-32-220(b) provides that the $ 350,000 cap is limited to each claimant. S.C. Code 15-32-220(c) allows a claimant to stack his claim, and provides that up to three health care providers may be subject to the $ 350,000 cap per claimant, for a total of $ 1,050,000 per claimant.


The non-economic damage cap of $ 350,000 per medical entity or practice or person does not apply to economic damages and does not apply to punitive damages. Effective for medical malpractice cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, S.C. Code 15-32-230 further limits liability with regard to emergency obstetrical or emergency department situations. This section eliminates liability on behalf of any person providing emergency care or emergency obstetrical care to a person in immediate threat of death or an immediate threat of serious bodily injury while in an emergency room, obstetrical or surgical suite, unless the health care provider is proven to be grossly negligent. Other caps or limitations may be applicable to a medical malpractice case as well.



The plaintiff’s attorney must timely bring a medical malpractice suit within the required timeframes. There are time limits on bringing a personal injury lawsuit in the state of South Carolina known as statutes of limitations. See S.C. Code 15-3-530(5); 15-3-535. While a medical malpractice personal injury suit is generally subject to a three year statute of limitations, there may be exceptions depending on the circumstances, such as a medical malpractice case where the negligent conduct may be covered by a concept known as the “discovery rule.” See S.C. Code 15-3-545; Wilson v. Shannon, 299 S.C. 512, 386 S.E.2d 257 (Ct. App. 1989).


The statutes of limitations are different for negligence suits against a South Carolina state government agency pursuant to the South Carolina Tort Claims Act (“TCA”) and the federal government pursuant to the Federal Tort Claims Act (“FTCA”). Under the TCA, a suit must generally be filed within two years, unless a verified claim is filed within a year of the injury, then the statute of limitations is three years. S.C. Code § 15-78-110. Under the FTCA, an administrative tort claim must generally be presented to the subject federal agency within two years. Once a timely administrative tort claim has been filed, there is no statute of limitations on bringing a suit unless the federal agency denies the claim, in which case a suit must be brought in federal court within six months after the denial. 28 U.S.C. 1346(b), 1402, 2401, 2675.



South Carolina Code 15-79-125 requires, on medical malpractice cases arising on or after July 1, 2005, that before a medical malpractice suit can be filed, a plaintiff has to simultaneously file both a notice of intent to file suit and an affidavit of an expert witness subject to the affidavit requirements established in 15-36-100 in a county in which venue would be proper for filing or initiating the action. Statutory mediation of any such medical malpractice case is required as well, and, there are time limits for filing suit should the attempted mediation fail. As noted above, an expert’s testimony is necessary at trial to prove a breach of the standard of care and proximate cause of the injury, and the medical malpractice lawyer should retain a medical expert early on to assess the case and to be prepared to testify at trial.


Medical malpractice suits in South Carolina are difficult to pursue. Before undertaking a med-mal suit, the injured client would be well advised to consult with a lawyer with medical malpractice experience.


Joseph P. Griffith, Jr., Esquire
Joe Griffith Law Firm, LLC
7 State Street
Charleston, South Carolina 29401
(843) 225-5563 (tel)
(843) 722-6254 (fax)

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Getting Greater Good Quality Exam Table For Greater Medical Care

Examination is the basic of patient cure procedure. By doing thoroughly examination, a doctor will be able to make correct diagnosis of patient health condition. The doctor will be able to know what kind of treatment is the best for a patient after doing examination of the patient on the exam table. That is why examination table can be considered as the most important equipment in medical field.

Consider about the comfort level of examination table. It is important to make the patient feels comfortable since you never know what kind of disease and pain that the patient endures. You should not choose medical examination table that is too soft or too hard because the patient might feel discomfort.

Eventhough wellness and healthcare is not fully associated with disabled people. It is important to pay attention at this issue since not all people can move their body easily. Some people have disabilities that make them hard to reach the examination table. You can participate in promoting better healthcare by getting the right exam table that can be good for disabled people. Do not forget to ask the patient about the best and most comfortable position for your patient with disability.

Though, it is hard to get the right examination table for people with disability, you can discuss how to get the right one with your disabled patients. They will surely help you to find the correct one since you have good enthusiasm in providing better healthcare equipment for your patients. Speak directly to your patient and not the guardian in order to get clear information about the most comfortable examination table position for your patient.

During examination, you need to take notes of your patient problem. It is beneficial to remember the details of your patient health record. Before the visit ends, make sure that you ask again the details of your patient health record to know whether what you write is accurate or not. Be sure to remind the patient about the best recovery method that can increase their health.
We can find people with disabilities live longer than in the previous cases. People with disabilities now receive better treatment than in the past. If you want to contribute in making them living in better condition, you can start by getting better exam table that can be good to treat people with disabilities. Ask your patient about the best healthcare that can suit their need. It is essential to make them able to experience better live just like people with no disability.

Perform thoroughly and detailed examination to know the health condition of your patient. If you have got the right examination table for people with disabilities, you will be able to perform medical diagnosis better than the other doctors who do not have the right examination table for people with disabilities. That is why we can consider that examination table is one of the most important things to support medical examination.

In case you are interested in better health care, you can consider of getting exam table. There are varieties of exam table available on the market. You might want to take a look at exam room table that can be useful for medical examination.

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How to Prepare For Your Medical Assistant Exam

Books, notes, past year questions and revision texts are scattered all over the place. This can only mean one thing; exams are around the corner and the jitters are creeping up faster than you expected. Medicine has never been an easy course, and even though this isn’t the whole big doctor or surgeon thing, preparing for a medical assistant exam is just as nerve wrecking. So, what do you do? Well, the smart thing to do would be to calm down and keep yourself down to earth while preparing for your exam.

You should start off by making sure that you are calm and free from butterflies in your stomach. Do some light exercise and deep breathing, then clear your mind and get a hold of your emotions. In order to study effectively, you need to rid of any negative pre-examination emotion such as anxiety and worry. If you still find yourself extremely anxious, then try going for a long walk or take a drive around the neighborhood. This should help put you at east for awhile.

Next, don’t study hard, study smart. Instead of reading straight out of your textbook for hours and hours trying to digest the information, try briefly going through it once then make your own notes and mind maps to help. During classes, pay attention to the lecturer instead of jotting down notes and doodles on the sidelines. Then, as soon as you get back, review what you’ve gone through in class and start making notes. This way, when it gets closer to your exam, instead of lugging around the huge textbooks and revision books, you could just use your notes. If it helps, make them into flashcards and carry them around in your pockets or bag. With this, you could always go through your notes while waiting for the bus or in a queue.

Read, revise, redo. The best way to make sure that you’re well prepared to gain your medical assistant certificate would be to go repeatedly go over your work, dividing your time between subjects or chapters. Once you’re done with each section, try doing a couple of questions as it would help strengthen your memory and show you how much you actually know. If you don’t have enough questions with you, use the internet and look it up on your search engine.

Aside from all that has been mentioned, in order to make sure that your mind is in perfect functioning order, you would need to keep your physical self in good condition too. Get sufficient rest and don’t ignore those eye bags. If you’re the kind of person who has adjusted to late nights and simply can’t change, make sure you get a continuous 6-8 hours of sleep a day and avoid burning the midnight oil the day before your examination. Also, drink plenty of water and eat your greens. You don’t want to be catching the flu anytime near your exam day.

In a nutshell, effective studying is easy as long as you put your mind to it. So kick off those jitters and hit the books because you’re going to be the one to ace the upcoming exam!

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